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https://codas.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20202020018
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Tradução e adaptação transcultural do Swallow Outcomes After Laryngectomy Questionnaire (SOAL) para o português brasileiro

Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of Swallow Outcomes After Laryngectomy Questionnaire (SOAL) to Brazilian Portuguese

Larissa Mendonça dos Anjos, Francisco Tiago Meireles da Silva, Leandro Pernambuco

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Resumo

Objetivo: desenvolver a adaptação do questionário Swallow Outcomes After Laryngectomy Questionnaire – SOAL para a cultura brasileira. Método: estudo de validação restrito à tradução e adaptação transcultural. Foram seguidas as seguintes etapas: discussão sobre a necessidade do instrumento no contexto brasileiro, duas traduções independentes, síntese das traduções, análise por comitê de 12 juízes especialistas nas áreas de Disfagia e Oncologia, análise dos comentários dos juízes e dos Índices de Validade de Conteúdo por item e do questionário, aplicação do questionário numa amostra de 10 laringectomizados totais, retradução e síntese final. Resultados: foi necessário realizar equivalências semântica, sintática/gramatical, experiencial, idiomática e de conteúdo, principalmente após análise dos especialistas. O Índice de Validade de Conteúdo por item e do questionário foram aceitáveis em todos os aspectos avaliados. A retradução foi equivalente à versão original. A comparação entre as versões original, traduzida e retraduzida viabilizou a versão final do instrumento. Conclusão: foi desenvolvida a adaptação do SOAL para a cultura brasileira. O processo de validação continuará a partir da versão apresentada neste estudo.

Palavras-chave

Laringectomia; Laringectomia Total; Disfagia; Transtornos de Deglutição; Estudos de Validação; Tradução

Abstract

Purpose: To develop the adaptation of the Swallow Outcomes After Laryngectomy Questionnaire - SOAL for the Brazilian culture. Methods: Validation study restricted to translation and cross-cultural adaptation. The following steps were followed: discussion of the need for the instrument in the Brazilian context, two independent translations, synthesis of the translations, analysis by a committee of 12 expert judges in Dysphagia and Oncology fields, analysis of the judges’ comments and of the Content Validity Indexes per item and of the questionnaire, application of the questionnaire in a sample of 10 total laryngectomy patients, back translation and final synthesis. Results: it was necessary to perform semantic, syntactic / grammatical, experiential, idiomatic and content equivalences, mainly after the analysis by experts. The Content Validity Index per item and of the questionnaire were acceptable in all the aspects evaluated. The back translation was equivalent to the original version. The comparison between the original, translated and back-translated versions made the final version of the instrument viable. Conclusion: the adaptation of SOAL to the Brazilian culture was developed. The validation process will continue from the version presented in this study

Keywords

Laryngectomy; Total Laryngectomy; Dysphagia; Swallowing Disorders; Validation Studies; Translation

Referências

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Submetido em:
28/01/2020

Aceito em:
26/07/2020

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