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https://codas.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20242023268pt
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Repertório lexical de crianças de 24 e 30 meses falantes do português brasileiro: resultados preliminares

Lexical repertoire of 24 and 30-month-old children speaking Brazilian portuguese: preliminary results

Carolina Felix Providello; Ana Paola Nicolielo Carrilho; Vânia Peixoto; Maria de Fátima Serdoura Cardoso Maia; Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage

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Resumo

RESUMO: Objetivo: Verificar o repertório lexical de crianças falantes do português brasileiro aos 24 e 30 meses e a associação entre a quantidade de palavras faladas e as variáveis: nível socioeconômico, escolaridade dos pais, presença de irmãos no convívio familiar, frequentar ou não escola e uso exacerbado de tablets e celulares pelas crianças.

Método: 30 pais de crianças com 24 meses, residentes no estado de São Paulo participaram do estudo. Por meio de plataformas de videoconferência eles foram submetidos à anamnese fonoaudiológica, entrevista com o serviço social e preencheram o “Inventário MacArthur de Desenvolvimento Comunicativo - Primeiras Palavras e Gestos”, quando seus filhos tinham 24 e 30 meses. Foi aplicada estatística indutiva inferencial, quantitativa e qualitativa.

Resultados: A mediana das palavras emitidas foi de 283 aos 24 meses e 401 aos 30 meses, indicando aumento em torno de 118 palavras após seis meses. A criança estar frequentando ambiente escolar apresentou relação significativa com o aumento do vocabulário.

Conclusão: O estudo reforça o crescimento do vocabulário conforme o avanço da idade e corrobora o fato de as crianças com 24 meses já possuírem um repertório maior que 50 palavras. Aqueles que frequentam escola diariamente produzem pelo menos 70 palavras a mais dos que não frequentam.

Palavras-chave

Desenvolvimento Infantil, Desenvolvimento da Linguagem, Linguagem Infantil, Vocabulário, Aprendizado Verbal

Abstract

Purpose: To check the lexical repertoire of Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children at 24 and 30 months of age and the association between the number of words spoken and the following variables: socioeconomic status, parents’ education, presence of siblings in the family, whether or not they attend school, and excessive use of tablets and cell phones.

Methods: 30 parents of children aged 24 months living in the state of São Paulo participated in the study. Using videoconferencing platforms, they underwent a speech-language pathology anamnesis, an interview with social services, and then they completed the “MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory - First Words and Gestures” as soon as their children were 24 and 30 months old. Quantitative and qualitative inferential inductive statistics were applied.

Results: the median number of words produced was 283 at 24 months and 401 at 30 months, indicating an increase of around 118 words after six months. The child attending a school environment had a significant relationship with increased vocabulary.

Conclusion: The study reinforces the fact that vocabulary grows with age and corroborates the fact that children aged 24 months already have a repertoire greater than 50 words. Those who attend school every day produce at least 70 more words than those who do not

Keywords

Child Development; Language Development; Child Language; Vocabulary; Verbal Learning

Referências

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Submetido em:
01/11/2023

Aceito em:
03/01/2024

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