CoDAS
https://codas.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20212021225en
CoDAS
Artigo Original

Impacts of self-reported communication perception and shyness on the public speaking assessment of university students

Impactos da percepção comunicacional e da timidez autorreferidos na avaliação ao falar em público de estudantes universitários

Daniel Lucas Picanço Marchand; Lucas Sávio Rodrigues Carvalho. Diego de Souza Leal; Sheila Gonçalves Câmara; Glaucya Madazio; Mara Behlau; Mauriceia Cassol

Downloads: 1
Views: 42

Abstract

Purpose

To compare self-assessment when speaking in public, using the Self-Statements During Public Speaking scale, with the communicational perception and self-reported shyness of university students.

Methods

This was a prospective cross-sectional observational study. University students from different areas of knowledge in Brazil were invited to participate in this study. Those who agreed to participate were included. Participants received an electronic invitation and filled out a form created on the Google Forms platform that contained sociodemographic questions, on self-perception as a good speaker, on ease of expression, on shyness, and the Self-Statements During Public Speaking scale. The means of the Self-Statements During Public Speaking scale were compared with the self-perception as a good speaker, the ease of expressing oneself, and shyness.

Results

Participants who considered themselves to be good communicators, those who believed they had an ease to express themselves, and those who were not shy had better self-perception of their public speaking skills.

Conclusion

positive communicational self-perception, as well as less shyness self-perception, are related to a more favorable self-assessment in relation to public presentations.

Keywords

Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences; Speech; Communication; Communication Barriers; Shyness; Persuasive Communication; Interpersonal Relations

Resumo

Objetivo

comparar a autoavaliação ao falar em público, por meio da Escala para Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público, com a percepção comunicacional e timidez autorreferidos, de estudantes universitários.

Método

tratou-se de um estudo observacional transversal prospectivo. Foram convidados a participar deste estudo, estudantes universitários do Brasil de diferentes áreas de conhecimento, sendo incluídos os que assentiram em participar. Os participantes receberam convite eletrônico e preencheram um formulário elaborado na plataforma Google Forms que continha questões sociodemográficas, sobre autopercepção como bom falante, sobre facilidade para se expressar, sobre timidez, e a Escala para Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público. Foram comparadas as médias da Escala de Autoavaliação ao Falar em Público com a autopercepção como bom falante, com a facilidade para se expressar e com a timidez.

Resultados

os participantes que se consideravam bons comunicadores, os que acreditavam ter facilidade para se expressar e os que não eram tímidos apresentaram melhor autopercepção sobre as suas habilidades de fala em público.

Conclusão

a autopercepção comunicacional positiva, bem como a autopercepção de menor timidez estão relacionadas a uma autoavaliação mais favorável em relação a apresentações em público.

Palavras-chave

Fonoaudiologia; Fala; Comunicação; Barreiras de Comunicação; Timidez; Comunicação Persuasiva; Relações Interpessoais

Referências

  • Rivers DJ, Ross AS. L1/L2 communication self-efficacy beliefs and the contribution of personality. Lang Learn J. 2020;48(6):700-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09571736.2018.1441895
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09571736.2018.1441895

  • Tsang A. The relationship between tertiary-level students’ self-perceived presentation delivery and public speaking anxiety: a mixed-methods study. Assess Eval High Educ. 2020;45(7):1060-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2020.1718601
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2020.1718601

  • Dunbar NE, Brooks CF, Kubicka-Miller T. Oral communication skills in higher education: using a performance-based evaluation rubric to assess communication skills. Innovative High Educ. 2006;31(2):115-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10755-006-9012-x
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10755-006-9012-x

  • Bodie GD. A racing heart, rattling knees, and ruminative thoughts: defining, explaining, and treating Public Speaking Anxiety. Commun Educ. 2010;59(1):70-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03634520903443849
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03634520903443849

  • Marinho ACF, Medeiros AM, Gama ACC, Teixeira LC. Fear of public speaking: perception of college students and correlates. J Voice. 2017;31(1):127.e7. PMid:26898522.

  • Horwitz EK, Horwitz MB, Cope J. Foreign language classroom anxiety. Mod Lang J. 1986;70(2):125-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.1986.tb05256.x
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.1986.tb05256.x

  • Daly JA, McCroskey JC, Ayres J, Hopf T, Ayres DM. Avoiding communication: shyness, reticence, and communication apprehension. Cresskill: Hampton Press; 1997.

  • Dansieh SA, Owusu E, Seidu GA. Glossophobia: the fear of public speaking in ESL students in Ghana. Lang Teach. 2021;1(1):22-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.30560/lt.v1n1p22
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.30560/lt.v1n1p22

  • Kuchner M. Public speaking for dummies. 2nd ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons; 2004.

  • Henderson L, Zimbardo P, Carducci B. Shyness. In: Weiner IB, Craighead WE, editors. The corsini encyclopedia of psychology. Hoboken: Wiley; 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0870
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0870

  • Philip EL, Bodang RJ. Causes and consequences of shyness in adults. Journal of Arts, Humanities and Development Studies. 2021;4(1):125-36.
  • Oliveira BLD, Sales HFS, Lima KS, Santos NA, Galdino MKC. Adaptation of the Public Speaking Anxiety Scale (PSAS) for Brazil. Contextos Clín. 2020;13(1):19-35.

  • D’El Rey GJF. Escala D’El Rey de medo de falar em público: elaboração de um instrumento de auto-avaliação. Psicol. Argum. 2008;26(52):67-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.7213/rpa.v26i52.20031
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.7213/rpa.v26i52.20031

  • Hofmann SG, DiBartolo PM. An instrument to assess self-statements during public speaking: scale development and preliminary psychometric properties. Behav Ther. 2000;31(3):499-515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(00)80027-1 PMid:16763666.
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(00)80027-1

  • Osório FL, Crippa JAS, Loureiro SR. Self statements during public speaking scale (SSPS): cross-cultural adaptation for Brazilian Portuguese and internal consistency. Arch Clin Psychiatry (São Paulo). 2008;35(6):207-11.

  • Osório FL, Crippa JAS, Loureiro SR. Cognitive aspects of public speaking: validation of a self-assessment scale for Brazilian university students. Arch Clin Psychiatry (São Paulo). 2012;39(2):48-53.

  • Rivero R, Garcia-Lopez L, Hofmann SG. The spanish version of the self-statements during public speaking scale: validation in adolescents. Eur J Psychol Assess. 2010;26(2):129-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000018 PMid:20490370.
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000018

  • Behlau M, Ugulino AC. Autoavaliação do comportamento comunicativo ao falar em público nas diferentes categorias profissionais. In: 22º Congresso Brasileiro de Fonoaudiologia: da promoção à reabilitação [Internet].; 2014 Out 8-11; Joinville. Anais. São Paulo: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia; 2014 [citado em 2021 Ago 25]. p. 4929. Disponível em: http://sbfa.org.br/portal/anais2014/trabalhos_select.php?id_artigo=4929&tt=SESSÃO%20DE%20CONCORRENTES%20A%20PRÊMIO
    » http://sbfa.org.br/portal/anais2014/trabalhos_select.php?id_artigo=4929&tt=SESSÃO%20DE%20CONCORRENTES%20A%20PRÊMIO

  • Friedman S. Fluência: um acontecimento complexo. In: Ferreira LP, Befi-Lopes DM, Limongi SCO, editores. Tratado de Fonoaudiologia. São Paulo: Roca; 2004. p. 1027-39.

  • Osinski IC, Hernández M. Study of the qualities of a good university lecturer of health sciences. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2013;89:342-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.858
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.858
  • Sánchez Expósito J, Leal Costa C, Díaz Agea JL, Carrillo Izquierdo MD, Jiménez Rodríguez D. Ensuring relational competency in critical care: importance of nursing students’ communication skills. Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2018;44:85-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2017.08.010 PMid:28969955.
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2017.08.010

  • Mercer-Mapstone LD, Matthews KE. Student perceptions of communication skills in undergraduate science at an Australian research-intensive university. Assess Eval High Educ. 2015;42(1):98-114. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2015.1084492
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02602938.2015.1084492
  • Oliveira MA, Duarte AMM. Control of anxiety responses in college students in situations of oral presentations. Rev Bras Ter Comport Cogn. 2004;6(2):183-200.

  • Marinho ACF, Medeiros AM, Pantuza JJ, Teixeira LC. Self-perception of shyness and its relation to aspects of public speaking. CoDAS. 2020;32(5):e20190097. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20202019097 PMid:33053085.
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2317-1782/20202019097

63c2924da9539571d859a446 codas Articles

CoDAS

Share this page
Page Sections