CoDAS
https://codas.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20212021219en
CoDAS
Artigo Original

AudBility: test-retest reliability in typically developing children aged 6 to 7 years

AudBility: confiabilidade teste-reteste em crianças com desenvolvimento típico de 6 e 7 anos

Tamy Nathalia Tanaka; Nádia Giulian de Carvalho; Maria Francisca Colella-Santos; Maria Isabel Ramos do Amaral

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Abstract

Purpose

to investigate the test-retest reliability of the AudBility program in typically developing children aged six-seven years.

Methods

29 children, male and female, right-handed, native Portuguese speakers and adequate school performance for the age group studied, underwent previous meatoscopy, immittance measurements and the AudBility program was applied, composed of a self-perception questionnaire and auditory tasks, being analyzed the abilities of sound localization, auditory closure, figure-ground, dichotic digits test, temporal resolution, and temporal ordering of frequency and duration. The program was designed and reapplied with an interval of one week under the same conditions. The performance in each task was presented from central tendency and dispersion data and was conducted using the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), based on the 95% confidence interval (CI).

Results

The analyses showed a positive and significant ICC (p<0.01) for the questionnaire and auditory tasks, except for auditory closure, in the right and left ears and figure-ground in the left ear. The questionnaire mean ICC was 0.742 and ranged from −0.012 to 0.698 for the auditory tasks.

Conclusion

Based on mean results and upper limit of the CI, the findings showed agreement between moments, classified as good for the questionnaire and moderate to good for five of the seven auditory analyzed tasks (ICC>0.05 and <0.9). The results of the reliability study represent an important parameter for validating the program for the studied age group.

Keywords

Screening; Child; Data Accuracy; Validation Study; Auditory Perception

Resumo

Objetivo

investigar a confiabilidade teste-reteste do programa AudBility em crianças com desenvolvimento típico de seis a sete anos.

Método

29 crianças, sexo masculino e feminino, destros, falantes nativos do Português e desempenho escolar adequado para a faixa etária estudada de acordo com o professor foram submetidas aos procedimentos de meatoscopia, imitanciometria e foi aplicado o programa AudBility, composto por questionário de autopercepção e tarefas auditivas. As tarefas incluíram localização sonora, fechamento auditivo, figura fundo, escuta dicótica, resolução temporal e ordenação temporal de frequência e duração. O programa foi reaplicado com um intervalo de 1 semana sob as mesmas condições de avaliação. O desempenho em cada tarefa foi apresentado a partir de dados de tendência central e dispersão e a confiabilidade a partir do Cálculo do Coeficiente intra-classe (CCI), com base no intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%.

Resultados

As análises demonstraram CCI positivo e significante para o questionário e tarefas auditivas, exceto fechamento auditivo, nas orelhas direita e esquerda e figura-fundo na orelha esquerda. O CCI médio do questionário foi de 0,742 e variou de -0,012 a 0,698 para as tarefas auditivas.

Conclusão

Com base no resultado médio e no limite superior do IC, os achados demonstraram concordância entre os momentos de grau bom para o questionário, e de grau bom a moderado para cinco das sete variáveis auditivas analisadas (CCI>0,05 e < 0,9). Os achados do estudo de confiabilidade representam um parâmetro importante de validação do programa para a faixa etária estudada.

Palavras-chave

Triagem; Criança; Confiabilidade dos Dados; Estudo de Validação; Percepção Auditiva

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