CoDAS
https://codas.org.br/article/doi/10.1590/2317-1782/20202018304
CoDAS
Artigo Original

Self-perception of voice symptoms and vocal health and hygiene knowledge in popular and classical singers

Autopercepção de sintomas vocais e conhecimento em saúde e higiene vocal em cantores populares e eruditos

Janaina dos Santos Coelho; Felipe Moreti; Claudia Pacheco; Mara Behlau

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Abstract

Purpose: Verify the perception of popular and classical singers in relation to vocal symptoms and their possible relations regarding knowledge of health and vocal hygiene. Method: This study was composed of 242 singers, aged between 17 and 60, of both sexes. A total of 56 singers were selected, with 186 singers, divided into 104 Popular Singers Group (PSG) and 82 Classical Singers Group (CSG). All participants answered the questionnaire for identification and also vocal self-assessment, and two protocols were applied, namely: Brazilian validated version of Voice Symptom Scale - VoiSS (Escala de Sintomas Vocais - ESV) and Questionário de Saúde e Higiene Vocal (QSHV). Results: The largest number of participants was female. The classical singers presented more time of singing class than the popular ones. Show hours of 1-2 hours was higher in the number of subjects responding to both groups of singers. Classical singers presented greater perception of vocal symptoms when compared to the popular ones for total and emotional scores of the Brazilian validated version of VoiSS. The popular and classical groups do not make any difference regarding health and vocal hygiene, even though the groups obtained values above the QSHV normality score. There was no correlation between knowledge about vocal health and hygiene and vocal symptoms in singers. Conclusion: Classical singers are more affected by vocal changes, especially women. The singers obtained a good degree of knowledge in vocal hygiene, not differing about the styles. The perception of vocal alteration in popular and classical singers seems to have no relation with the degree of health knowledge and vocal hygiene.

Keywords

Voice; Singing; Protocols; Surveys and Questionnaires; Knowledge; Speech; Language; Hearing; Science

Resumo

Objetivo: Analisar e relacionar a percepção dos sintomas vocais, o conhecimento de saúde e higiene vocal em cantores populares e eruditos. Método: Participaram da pesquisa 186 cantores de ambos os sexos, na faixa etária de 17 a 60 anos, divididos em: Grupo Cantores Populares (GCP) - 104 cantores populares; Grupo Cantores Eruditos (GCE) - 82 cantores eruditos. Todos os participantes responderam a três instrumentos: o questionário de autoavaliação vocal, a Escala de Sintomas Vocais (ESV) e o Questionário de Saúde e Higiene Vocal (QSHV). Resultados: O maior número de participantes foi do sexo feminino. Os cantores eruditos apresentaram maior tempo de aula de canto. Horas de shows de 1-2 horas foi maior em número de sujeitos respondentes para os dois grupos de cantores. Os cantores eruditos apresentaram maior percepção de sintomas vocais quando comparados aos populares para os escores total e emocional da ESV. Cantores populares e eruditos não apresentaram diferenças no conhecimento em saúde e higiene vocal, ambos os grupos obtiveram valores acima da nota de corte de normalidade do QSHV. Não houve correlação entre o conhecimento em saúde e higiene vocal e os sintomas vocais em cantores. Conclusão: Cantores eruditos são mais afetados por alterações vocais, principalmente as mulheres. Os cantores obtiveram um bom grau de conhecimento em higiene vocal, não diferindo em função dos estilos. A percepção de alteração vocal em cantores populares e eruditos parece não ter relação com o grau de conhecimento de saúde e higiene vocal.

Palavras-chave

Voz; Canto; Protocolos; Inquéritos e Questionários; Conhecimento; Fonoaudiologia

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Submetido em:
10/12/2018

Aceito em:
22/06/2019

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